Related to state population growth is what share of net overseas migration each state is receiving, with the trend showing significant variation over time.
Today, more than 50 per cent of net overseas migration occurs in New South Wales and Victoria, with this trend underpinning the public debate about population growth and urban congestion. However, this was not the case through most of the 1990s or later on, during the mining boom.
Western Australia provides the starkest illustration of changing economic circumstances, with a precipitous drop in the share of net overseas migration after the decline of the mining boom. Collectively, the share of net overseas migration occurring in South Australia, Tasmania, the ACT, and the Northern Territory has reduced over time.